Having 2.5 million domain names under its administration, CIRA plays an active role in supporting the development of the Internet community in Canada while representing the .ca registry globally.
This type of information is critical in understanding the global market and the changes that we need to adopt. Byron Holland, President and CEO of CIRA explains in his message, “Data helps us understand how our world is changing and we hope that our Factbook helps you stay informed on how digital technology is transforming how we engage and interact online.”
Some of the key findings from this report are.
The growth of gTLDs
First, some background. Today, there are more than 300 million domain names registered worldwide with more than 3.2 billion users interacting with these domains. Of these domains, there are two types of “top-level domains” (TLDs), one group is the country code top-level domains (ccTLDs) like .ca, .us or .uk. The other type is the generic top-level domains (gTLDs) such as .com, .net and .org. To show how fast the domain name industry is growing, between 1984 and 2013 there were only 22 gTLDs in existence, today that number has grown significantly to 22 million.
With the unprecedented growth of gTLDs, branding next to the dot has given rise to businesses and investors taking a greater interest in domains today.
Topping the list of gTLDs is .com with over 130.2 million registered domains followed by .net in second place with just 16.1 million. On the ccTLDs front, it is not surprising to see China in the lead with 19.5 million in registered .cn domains, Tokelau with .tk is in the second place with 19.2 million. In case you are wondering, Tokelau is a territory of New Zealand with a small population of about 1,400. The rise of the .tk popularity is due to the fact that there are no residency requirements to register a .tk domain name.
Going down the list it is evident that CIRA holds a strong position globally with 2.5 million registered .ca domains and a ranking of 13 in the world ahead of the United States at 1.7 million registered domains.
• Cyber security – One of the biggest concerns among Canadians is about cybercrime. Forty-seven per cent of Canadian Internet users is unlikely to make a purchase from an online retail store after a cyber-attack. This holds true for the non-profit community as well with 48 per cent of Canadians saying that they are unlikely to make a donation to organizations after a cyber-attack.
• Connected devices – Canadian homes are seeing an increase in connected devices. Nine per cent of Canadian Internet users reported having 10 or more Internet-connected devices in their home while 11 per cent reported having only one.
• Mobile – About 21 per cent of Canadian Internet users access the Internet with a mobile or smartphone while 12 per cent reportedly use a tablet most often. The study shows that Canadians are more likely to use mobile devices than PCs to access social media, games, and instant messages. Those 55 years and older are much more likely to use tablets to get online than their younger counterparts.
• Online video – Technology is changing the way Canadians consume entertainment but cable is still retaining customers. The younger generations are more likely to stream video online with 38 per cent of Canadian users being subscribers to Netflix and 16 per cent use a VPN service to access international content.
• IoT – About 66 per cent of Canadians who are aware of the Internet of Things are concerned about the security implications of the technology.
“Canadians are some of the most connected people on the planet and our annual factbook confirms this year-after-year. However, there are areas where we need to be concerned. The adoption of mobile broadband in Canada is lagging other OECD countries and our research indicates a general level of anxiety around cyber-security issues,” David Fowler, vice president of Marketing and Communications for CIRA said in a press release. “As new technologies are deployed, such as the Internet of Things, we need to ensure that security is at the forefront of our planning.”
To see the complete 2016 Factbook, go here.
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